Crash, Not Accident

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Crash, Not Accident



The New York Times reports roadway fatalities are soaring at a rate not seen in 50 years, resulting from crashes, collisions and other incidents caused by drivers.


Just don’t call them accidents anymore.


That is the position of a growing number of safety advocates, including grass-roots groups, federal officials and state and local leaders across the country. They are campaigning to change a 100-year-old mentality that they say trivializes the single most common cause of traffic incidents: human error (


“When you use the word ‘accident,’ it’s like, ‘God made it happen,'” Mark Rosekind, head of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, said at a driver safety conference this month at the Harvard School of Public Health (


“In our society,” he added, “language can be everything” (


Almost all crashes stem from driver behavior like drinking, distracted driving and other risky activity. About 6 percent are caused by vehicle malfunctions, weather and other factors (


Preliminary estimates by the nonprofit National Safety Council show deadly crashes rose by nearly 8 percent in 2015 from the previous year, killing about 38,000 people.


Rosekind has added his voice to a growing chorus of advocates who say that the persistence of crashes — driving is the most dangerous activity for most people — can be explained in part by widespread apathy toward the issue. Changing semantics is meant to shake people, particularly policymakers, out of the implicit nobody’s-fault attitude that the word “accident” conveys, they said (


On Jan. 1, the state of Nevada enacted a law, passed almost unanimously in the Legislature, to change “accident” to “crash” in dozens of instances where the word is mentioned in state laws, like those covering police and insurance reports. New York City adopted a new policy in 2014 to reduce fatalities that states the city “must no longer regard traffic crashes as mere ‘accidents,'” and other cities, including San Francisco, have taken the same step (


At least 28 state departments of transportation have moved away from the term “accident” when referring to roadway incidents, according to Jeff Larason, director of Highway Safety for Massachusetts. The traffic safety administration changed its own policy in 1997 but has recently become more vocal about the issue (


When traffic deaths spiked in the 1920s, a consortium of auto-industry interests, including insurers, borrowed the wording to shift the focus away from the cars themselves. “Automakers were very interested in blaming reckless drivers,” Norton said (


But over time, he said, the word has come to exonerate the driver, too, with “accident” seeming like a lightning strike, beyond anyone’s control. The word accident, he added, is seen by its critics as having “normalized mass death in this country,” whereas “the word ‘crash’ is a resurrection of the enormity of this catastrophe” (


When New York City changed its policy in 2014, it did so partly in response to such grass-roots efforts, including from a group called Families for Safe Streets. The group is led by parents like Amy Cohen, whose son, Sammy, was run over and killed in Brooklyn in 2013 (


She helped start a campaign called “Crash not Accident” and said that the drivers in deadly wrecks should not be given the presumption of innocence just because they have lived to tell their side of the story (


“Whose story do you have at the time of the crash? The driver! The victim is dead,” Cohen said. “The presumption should be to call it a crash, which is a neutral term” (


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See the full article here.



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